What makes this particular coin extremely valuable is its pristine condition despite being over years old. There is no noticeable bag mark on the surface of the coin, and it has retained its original bright red-orange copper color.
For a coin like this to survive so long in pristine condition, it is evident that a collector in San Francisco back in must have set it aside before it could become tattered and worn in circulation. The collector also ensured that the coin was stored properly to preserve its color. Coins in this condition are few and far between and are truly treasures to behold. A Lincoln penny struck at the Denver, Colorado mint facility is nothing special.
In fact, over million of them were struck. What makes this coin extremely valuable is the fact that it was struck on a zinc-coated steel planchet. These steel planchets were used primarily in After many complaints, the United States Mint changed back to the regular copper planchets beginning in In , the Indian Head penny was replaced with the Lincoln cent.
Brenner added his initials V. Up to this point, coin designers used only the first initial of their last name. Slightly less than a half-million of these pennies were minted before the Treasury Department demanded that the initials be removed.
This created an overnight sensation among coin collectors, and this penny has come be known as the "Holy Grail" for collectors of Lincoln pennies. An Indian Head penny is a scarce coin but can readily be found at any coin show or coin dealer in circulated grades. Slightly more than 4 million of them were minted. However, financial hardship of the time including the economic downturn following the "Panic of " meant that few people were able to save coins for their collections.
As a result, most of these pennies went into circulation. What makes this coin extremely rare is its exceptional condition that combines a nearly flawless coin with a sharp strike from a fresh set of coin dies.
Additionally, it has been sufficiently well preserved to retain its original bright red-copper color. This coin was first discovered in and was reported by Coin World on the front page in its July 8, edition. Originally, the government believed that these were counterfeit coins and began confiscating them. Five coins were confiscated and destroyed before they were acknowledged as being genuine.
Can any other record match 'Moonlight Serenade' for its ability to induce a Pavlovian slaver in so many for so long? Schuller says that Ray Eberle's "lumpy, sexless vocalizing dragged down many an otherwise passable performance. That it would have been significant, whatever form s it might have taken, is not unlikely.
Louis Armstrong thought enough of Miller to carry around his recordings, transferred to seven-inch tape reels when he went on tour. Simon in , Sinatra lamented the inferior quality of music he was recording in the late forties, in comparison with "those great Glenn Miller things"  from eight years earlier.
Frank Sinatra's recording sessions from the late forties and early fifties use some Miller musicians. He was also a major exponent of modern jazz in the s. He persuaded the United States Army to accept him so he could, in his own words, "be placed in charge of a modernized Army band". He played trombone with the Rhythmaires, a piece dance band, in both Montgomery and in service clubs and recreation halls on Maxwell.
Miller initially formed a large marching band that was to be the core of a network of service orchestras. His attempts at modernizing military music were met with some resistance from tradition-minded career officers, but Miller's fame and support from other senior leaders allowed him to continue. For example, Miller's arrangement of " St. Louis Blues March ", combined blues and jazz with the traditional military march.
This led to permission for Miller to form his piece Army Air Force Band and take it to England in the summer of , where he gave performances. America means freedom and there's no expression of freedom quite so sincere as music. These were done at the Abbey Road studios and were the last recorded songs made by the band while being led by Miller. A bomb landed three blocks away, encouraging Miller to relocate to Bedford, England. The day after he departed London, a V-1 flying bomb demolished his former office, killing at least 70 of his former officemates.
Miller was due to fly from the town of Bedford in United Kingdom to Paris on December 15, , to make arrangements to move his entire band there in the near future. Jerry Gray July 3, — August 10, stood in for Miller. Miller left behind his wife and two adopted children. In the Chicago Tribune reported that despite many theories that had been proposed, Miller's plane probably crashed because of its carburetor , which was of a type known to ice up in cold weather.
Multiple unsubstantiated conspiracy theories have been promulgated about Miller's death. Among them are that he was assassinated after Dwight D. Eisenhower sent him on a secret mission to negotiate a peace deal with Nazi Germany , that he died of a heart attack in a brothel after arriving in Paris, and that his plane was hit by bombs being jettisoned by Allied bombers returning from an aborted mission to Germany.
The most likely scenario was that Miller's C Norseman flew into cold weather and experienced carburetor icing , causing the aircraft to lose power and ditch in the cold water. Any survivors would have died of hypothermia within 20 minutes. The Miller estate authorized an official Glenn Miller ghost band in This band was led by Tex Beneke , former tenor saxophonist and a singer for the civilian band.
It had a makeup similar to the Army Air Forces Band: It included a large string section and, at least initially, about two-thirds of the musicians were alumni of either the civilian or AAF orchestras. By , Beneke and the Miller estate parted ways. When Glenn Miller was alive, many bandleaders like Bob Chester imitated his style. In the mids, after Miller's disappearance, the Miller-led Army Air Force band was decommissioned and sent back to the United States.
All that can be tracked to Miller's original Army Air Force band. Annual festivals celebrating Glenn Miller's legacy are held in two of the towns most associated with his youth. The festival's highlights include performances by the official Glenn Miller Orchestra under the direction of Nick Hilscher as well as numerous other jazz musicians, visits to the restored Miller home and the new Glenn Miller Birthplace Museum, historical displays from the Glenn Miller Archive at the University of Colorado, lectures and presentations about Miller's life, and a scholarship competition for young classical and jazz musicians.
Miller graduated from Fort Morgan High School where he played American football and formed his own band with classmates. Events include musical performances and swing dancing, community picnics, lectures and fundraising for scholarships to attend The School for the Performing Arts,  a nonprofit dance, voice, piano, percussion, guitar, violin, and drama studio program in Fort Morgan.
Each year, about 2, people attend this summer festival, which serves to introduce younger generations to the music Miller made famous, as well as the style of dance and dress popular in the big-band era. Glenn Miller's widow, Helen, died in In , the U. Postal Service issued a Glenn Miller postage stamp. Miller had a staff of arrangers who wrote originals like "String of Pearls" written and arranged by Jerry Gray  or took originals like "In The Mood" writing credit given to Joe Garland  and arranged by Eddie Durham  and " Tuxedo Junction " written by bandleader Erskine Hawkins  and arranged by Jerry Gray  and arranged them for the Miller band to either record or broadcast.
Glenn Miller's staff of arrangers in his civilian band, who handled the bulk of the work, were Jerry Gray a former arranger for Artie Shaw , Bill Finegan a former arranger for Tommy Dorsey ,  Billy May  and to a much smaller extent, George Williams,  who worked very briefly with the band as well as Andrews Sisters arranger Vic Schoen .
Major Miller, through excellent judgment and professional skill, conspicuously blended the abilities of the outstanding musicians, comprising the group, into a harmonious orchestra whose noteworthy contribution to the morale of the armed forces has been little less than sensational. Major Miller constantly sought to increase the services rendered by his organization, and it was through him that the band was ordered to Paris to give this excellent entertainment to as many troops as possible.
His superior accomplishments are highly commendable and reflect the highest credit upon himself and the armed forces of the United States. Glenn Miller had three recordings that were posthumously inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame , which is a special Grammy award established in to honor recordings that are at least 25 years old and that have "qualitative or historical significance.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American big band musician, arranger, composer and bandleader This article is about the swing musician.
For other uses, see Glenn Miller disambiguation. Clarinda, Iowa , U. Main article: Glenn Miller Orchestra. Main article: Glenn Miller discography. Music portal Biography portal. Daily Express. Vinyl will still have good luster; labels may have minor imperfections small labels or initials, etc. Sleeve may have some shelf wear, or minor writing, no seem splits. There will be no skips.
Vinyl may appear somewhat dull and grayish. Labels may have small tears, tape marks, larger writing, etc. Sleeve will have moderate wear or writing, price tags etc, minor seem splits. G GOOD Well-played, dull, grayish vinyl with deeper scratches and wear causing distracting surface noise hisses, pops, cracks and other nasties. The record will still play through without any skips. Although the big speakers had lots of dynamics and impact, the AR's and KLH's had much less coloration, and introduced the concept of accuracy to the public at large.
In North America and Britain, the low-efficiency compact speakers became the dominant metaphor for true high-fidelity, and the big horns were seen as archaic and regressive. In other parts of Europe and Japan, though, the big horn speakers never lost their following, since audiophiles in those markets put more value on dynamic range and low distortion than flat response and "accuracy" in the Anglo-American sense. Shorter of the BBC was laying the foundation of modern speaker design by uncovering and measuring the elusive "delayed resonance" that didn't show on up on conventional swept frequency measurements Although it took many decades, the delayed resonance measurement technique finally made it possible to build conventional dynamic speakers that rival the single most advanced speaker of the 's The first Quad electrostat abbreviated either as ESL57 or ELS57 occupies a very select circle of classic speakers that still sound "modern", even advanced, today.
Even in strictly objective terms, the Quad has superb transient response, with nearly perfect square waves, as well as vanishingly low IM distortion. Very few modern speakers combine excellent transient response with low distortion; most speakers, then as now, force the buyer to choose between very low IM distortion horns and studio monitors and excellent impulse response linear-phase audiophile speakers. The enduring classic of this era is the well-loved Dynaco Stereo 70, with over , in production over 30 years.
Although the circuit of this amplifier is hardly sophisticated or even particularly linear, a carefully-restored Stereo 70 still sounds better than many high-end amplifiers made today! The only offshore competitor was the inferior Halstead system, which was actually a mono signal steered left and right by a low-frequency control signal.
Fortunately, when the BBC was deciding on a stereo FM system, they were wise enough to discard the home-grown system, and adopt the foreign Zenith system. In time, the Zenith system became a world standard, a rare example of international harmony in broadcasting standards.
Anyone who has followed the endless wrangling regarding color and high-definition television knows how rare it is for US and European technical committees to agree on anything! Any discussion of golden-age hi-fi always gets around to speakers. Thoughtfully restored electronics from the period give impressively good What about restored Golden Age speakers?
It's not so simple with speakers. Yes, there are a few classics, starting with the legendary Quad ESL. Bear in mind that the Quad has very serious problems with dynamic range compared to modern speakers, and the "sweet spot" for stereo is little more than 2 feet or less. The dynamic drivers are a tough choice: the sonics of the West Coast high-efficiency classics like JBL's and Altecs are not to everyone's taste especially classical-music fans , and the East Coast favorites like the AR and KLH are inefficient and low in resolution high IM distortion, crude crossovers.
The tweeters are typically very poor, with high distortion, lots of stored energy, rough response, and ragged polar patterns. Tweeters and phono cartridges are intimately dependent on materials technology, and in all honesty, the materials we take for granted today weren't available to NASA or the SR Blackbird Skunkworks team back then.
But again, even here there are exceptions. These are really quite good, and far better than the wretched dome tweeters of the era. It wasn't until the Nineties that 1" dome tweeters began to catch up with the cone tweeters of the Fifties and Sixties. Vintage horn tweeters are anywhere from really terrible to pretty good; just don't expect anything beyond 15 kHz or broad dispersion. Dome midranges, then as now, are pretty dreadful, with very high IM distortion thanks to side-to-side rocking no spider, after all.
The old-school East Coast speakers are essentially impossible to modify, because after you replace the drivers, the enclosure, the crossover components, the box filling, the grill cloth, and the speaker wire, all that's left of the original is the logo on the front. What's desirable are paper-cone drivers with Alnico magnets Look for Qt between 0. Be aware that drivers intended to be used in horns have very limited excursion, and may even be destroyed if used in a closed or vented box.
The reputation of Alnico magnets is not just hype and hokum; the difference is real, and the reason is simple.
All dynamic drivers are inductive at some frequency; for a bass or midbass driver, the inductance becomes significant from to Hz on up even if the measured frequency response is flat to 3 kHz.
The electrical rolloff due to voice-coil inductance is counteracted by a rising mechanical response just like a moving-magnet cartridge. The voice-coil inductance is always there, and always in series with the audio signal path; what goes unnoticed is exactly what kind of inductor it really is.
Well, of course, it's an iron-core inductor, so there are linearity issues to contend with. Not surprisingly, ferrite-core inductors are very different animals than Alnico-core inductors.
The best of all would be soft iron, as used in antique electromagnet speakers, but you have to go back to the Thirties for that technology or have them built in Japan.
One day, just maybe, we'll see a modern speaker with a copper pole piece and an Alnico or electro-magnet. This would be very interesting and would combine the virtues of the Thirties, Fifties, and Nineties all in one driver.
Until then, you can choose between vintage sound with the charms of high efficiency and Alnico magnets and modern drivers with their very low coloration and high-tech cones. The advancements in audio electronics since the Golden Age have been in cost and size reduction, not audio quality.
In real dollars, electronics are far. But despite the truly impressive cost reduction, it's difficult to claim that modern electronics are actually better in musical terms. They measure better, but the actual physical devices that do the work are industrial castoffs with very complex nonlinearities.Nov 23, · His legacy inspired a generation of younger experimentalists including John Cage – and, later, Frank Zappa. In , aged 14, Zappa discovered Complete Works Of Edgard Varèse, Volume 1 gathering dust in a Los Angeles record store. The owner let Zappa have it cheap because in four years he had been unable to sell a copy.