Along with phonograph records in other formats, some of which were made of other materials, LPs are now widely referred to simply as "vinyl". Since the late s there has been a vinyl revival. Soundtracks — played on records synchronized to movie projectors in theatres — could not fit onto the mere five minutes per side that 78s offered. When initially introduced, inch LPs played for a maximum of about 23 minutes per side, inchers for around It wasn't until "microgroove" was developed by Columbia Records in that Long Players LPs reached their maximum playtime, which has continued to modern times.
Economics and tastes initially determined which kind of music was available on each format. Recording company executives believed upscale classical music fans would be eager to hear a Beethoven symphony or a Mozart concerto without having to flip over multiple, four-minute-per-side 78s, and that pop music fans, who were used to listening to one song at a time, would find the shorter time of the inch LP sufficient.
As a result, the inch format was reserved solely for higher-priced classical recordings and Broadway shows. Popular music continued to appear only on inch records.
Their beliefs were wrong. By the mids, the inch LP, like its similarly sized 78 rpm cousin, would lose the format war and be discontinued. Ten-inch records briefly reappeared as mini-LPs in the late s and early s in the United States and Australia as a marketing alternative.
In , Columbia Records introduced "extended-play" LPs that played for as long as 52 minutes, or 26 minutes per side. The minute playing time remained rare, however, because of mastering limitations, and most LPs continued to be issued with a to minute playing time. A small number of albums exceeded the minute limit. These records had to be cut with much narrower spacing between the grooves, which allowed for a smaller dynamic range on the records, and meant that playing the record with a worn needle could damage the record.
It also resulted in a much quieter sound. Spoken word and comedy albums require a smaller dynamic range compared to musical records. Therefore, they can be cut with narrower spaces between the grooves. Turntables called record changers could play records stacked vertically on a spindle. This arrangement encouraged the production of multiple-record sets in automatic sequence.
A two-record set had Side 1 and Side 4 on one record, and Side 2 and Side 3 on the other, so the first two sides could play in a changer without the listener's intervention. Then the stack was flipped over. Larger boxed sets used appropriate automatic sequencing 1—8, 2—7, 3—6, 4—5 to allow continuous playback, but this created difficulties when searching for an individual track.
Vinyl records are vulnerable to dust, heat warping, scuffs, and scratches. Dust in the groove is usually heard as noise and may be ground into the vinyl by the passing stylus, causing lasting damage. A warp can cause a regular "wow" or fluctuation of musical pitch, and if substantial it can make a record physically unplayable. A scuff will be heard as a swishing sound. A scratch will create an audible tick or pop once each revolution when the stylus encounters it.
A deep scratch can throw the stylus out of the groove; if it jumps to a place farther inward, part of the recording is skipped; if it jumps outward to a part of the groove it just finished playing, it can get stuck in an infinite loop , playing the same bit over and over until someone stops it.
This last type of mishap, which in the era of brittle shellac records was more commonly caused by a crack, spawned the simile "like a broken record" to refer to annoying and seemingly endless repetition.
Records used in radio stations can suffer cue burn , which results from disc jockeys placing the needle at the beginning of a track, turning the record back and forth to find the exact start of the music, then backing up about a quarter turn, so that when it is released the music will start immediately after the fraction of a second needed for the disc to come up to full speed.
When this is done repeatedly, the affected part of the groove is heavily worn and a hissing sound will be noticeable at the start of the track.
The process of playing a vinyl record with a stylus is by its very nature to some degree a destructive process. Wear to either the stylus or the vinyl results in diminished sound quality. Record wear can be reduced to virtual insignificance, however, by the use of a high-quality, correctly adjusted turntable and tonearm, a high-compliance magnetic cartridge with a high-end stylus in good condition, and careful record handling, with non-abrasive removal of dust before playing and other cleaning if necessary.
The average tangential needle speed relative to the disc surface is approximately 1 mile per hour 1. It travels fastest on the outside edge, unlike audio CDs, which change their speed of rotation to provide constant linear velocity CLV. By contrast, CDs play from the inner radius outward, the reverse of phonograph records. The cutting stylus unavoidably transferred some of the subsequent groove wall's impulse signal into the previous groove wall.
It was discernible by some listeners throughout certain recordings but a quiet passage followed by a loud sound would allow anyone to hear a faint pre-echo of the loud sound occurring 1. First pressings by big acts like The Beatles or Bruce Springsteen, and finds like misprints and pressings with alternate covers, can greatly increase the value of vinyl if the copies are kept in pristine condition.
Before you dig through those crates to listen to your favorite throwback LP or RPM single, make sure that what you're holding isn't worth a full semester of college. Here are some records that you may have or used to have that are worth way more than their original sticker price. According to Record Mecca , four songs were replaced with newly recorded tracks, but somehow, someone at the pressing plant used the old version instead of the new masters to press an unknown number of albums.
Discogs The Beatles's self-titled double album which later became known as the White Album originally released in , but not all copies were created equal. The members of the band and executives at the studio were given copies stamped with serial numbers that began with A, each in consecutive order A, A, etc.
The very first copy, which Clifford J. The odds that you once owned a copy of the album that had a low serial number are slim to none, but not impossible.
Given the amount of time that has passed since then, and the unfortunate fact that Bowie is now deceased , and you can imagine what these rare copies would sell for today.
No one knows how many copies are still unaccounted for, but someone surely has to be lucky number Once news broke of the switch, many enterprising fans peeled off the replacement cover, with varying degrees of success. These are known as 'third state' copies and are less valuable. As more schools offer in-person options, what happens to the students who stay virtual? Most Americans don't know these lucrative Social Security "secrets".
Ad Microsoft. Full screen. Valuable vinyl Thinking of playing those old records? You might want to think again. Some original mint condition singles, EPs and LPs sell for huge sums these days, so a look through your vinyl collection could be music to your bank balance. The Beach Boys are universally regarded as the most influential surf group to emerge from the s West Coast scene. Dick Dale is still touring at the age of 79, and from what I hear, he can still get after it pretty well.
Wipe Out as a single , sold over one million copies, and was certified gold. Although not known for its proficient musical output, SLO can boast being the home of our next seminal surf group, the Sentinals. This record is actually a soundtrack to the film of the same name, and although very much appreciated in the vinyl-collecting community, the band as a whole, is often overlooked as surf rock royalty. Born Christopher Palmer, Mr.
Lexx formerly Lexxus emerged on the scene in the late s. Lexx is an actor who has appeared in several plays and earned a Best Actor award in Lexx also joined the popular dance troupe Squad One but for the past seven years he has pursued a career as a deejay whose stage performances are enhanced by his experience in dance and theater. Lexx first displayed his deejaying skills in at the popular Sunday night dances held in Kingston's Harbor View area, featuring the Super Dee sound system.
Lexx's popularity lagged in Jamaica due to the time he spent abroad so he returned home in and reestablished himself through a series of stage shows, utilizing is acting and dancing capabilities to support his microphone skills at Kingston's largest annual dancehall concert, Sting in December and the event marked a turning point in Mr. Lexx's career.View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of The Best Of Rock 'N' Roll on Discogs/5(6).